prostate header graphic
Prostate Problem Guide

Prostate Cancer Stages In Simple Non-Medical Terms

It is extremely important that, following a diagnosis of prostate cancer, the stage and growth rate of the cancer is determined, so that the most suitable form of treatment can be given. This involves determining the spread of the cancer outside of the prostate gland and the manner in which the cancer is growing.

Prostate cancer cells are similar to other body cells in many ways and will go through various stages of growth and there are a number of tests and grading systems which can be used to determine and classify the stage of growth of prostate cancer cells.

A widely used method of grading is known as the Gleason system. In this case cancer cells are compared to normal cells and given a score to indicate their appearance when compared to normal cells. Grading runs from 1 to 5, with 1 representing a cell which is quite close to a normal cell and 5 indicating a cell which bears little resemblance to a normal cell.

Unfortunately cells in different areas of the prostate may be at different stages of development and so, in order to obtain an overall Gleason score, the scores are taken from the two areas which are most affected by cancer and the scores are then added together. This overall score, which will lie between 2 and 10, indicates an increasingly aggressive form of prostate cancer as the score increases.

A commonly used system in determining the extent to which cancer has spread is the TNM system, which uses a combination of the size of the tumor, the extent to which the lymph nodes have been affected and the presence of other related cancers appearing in sites other than the prostate gland.

Using the TNM system prostate cancer is then classified as being T1, T2, T3 or T4 cancer, with T1 and T2 indicating a cancer which is confined to the prostate gland and T3 and T4 indicating a cancer which has spread beyond the prostate gland.

Further information on prostate cancer stages:

Researchers work to speed prostate cancer detection - Medical Xpress


Medical Xpress

Researchers work to speed prostate cancer detection
Medical Xpress
During the earliest stages of cancer, physicians often have difficulty detecting it because there are too few circulating tumor cells to find in the blood. Cancer can give hints of its presence through specific proteins that appear in the bloodstream ...

Musicians United! Stars hit the stage for Prostate Cancer UK - Charity Today News


Charity Today News

Musicians United! Stars hit the stage for Prostate Cancer UK
Charity Today News
Kenney Jones and the Boomtown Rats are just a couple of the musical legends set to rock the stage at this year's Rock 'N' Horsepower at Hurtwood Polo Club in Surrey, to support Prostate Cancer UK. Taking place on the 18th June over Father's Day ...

More Men With Early Prostate Cancer Are Choosing to Avoid Treatment - New York Times


New York Times

More Men With Early Prostate Cancer Are Choosing to Avoid Treatment
New York Times
It means their cancers are left alone but regularly monitored to be sure they are not growing. Just 10 percent to 15 percent of early-stage prostate cancer patients were being treated by active surveillance several years ago. Now, national data from ...
What is HIFU treatment for prostate cancer?Fox News

all 3 news articles »

US Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapies & Epidemiology Report 2016 - Analysis, Technologies & Forecasts ... - Business Wire (press release)


CBC.ca

US Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapies & Epidemiology Report 2016 - Analysis, Technologies & Forecasts ...
Business Wire (press release)
The research also identifies total Prostate Cancer patients' on radiation therapies by Prostate Cancer stages. Prostate cancer patients undergo radiation therapy (External beam radiation, Brachytherapy) as a part of their treatment. This study ...
Should you get screened for prostate cancer?Philly.com (blog)
Adding ADT Fails to Improve Survival in Favorable Intermediate-Risk Prostate CancerCancer Network

all 35 news articles »